There are a few risks involved with lead extraction, like with any procedure:

  • Puncturing the heart
  • Cutting a surrounding vessel
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • Stroke
  • Damage to the right side of the heart's heart valve
  • Bleeding 
  • Swelling of the arm
  • Infection
  • Fluid accumulation around the lung or heart

Reference - Lead Extraction. (n.d.). Retrieved from